The Influence of Gender on EFL learners’ Discourse Functions in a CMC Environment


This study investigates the role of gender on EFL Learners’ output of discourse functions obtained from computer-mediated communications (CMC) via Skype. The study seeks to answer the question: Are there any statistically significant differences among the total means of discourse functions generated by gender groups (same-gender (male-male (MM), and female-female (FF)) and mixed-gender (female-male (FM), and male-female (MF)))? Sixty-four undergraduates (32 females and 32 males) participated in the study. They were assigned into two gender main groups: same-gender (MM: 16 males who chatted in pair groups with each other; FF: 16 females who chatted in pairs with each other) and mixed-gender groups (32 participants (16 females chatting with 16 males in pairs, MF (males’ output) and FM (females’ output)). Participants were asked to chat in pairs for an hour. Results revealed that FF group produced significantly more discourse functions than all the other gender groups, by having the highest total mean.


Mohammad Bani Younes , Alaa' M. Smadi, Ali AbuSeileek, Ghaleb Rabab'ah


computer-mediated communication, discourse functions, speech acts, gender differences, gender interaction, sociolinguistics


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