Effect of Language Learning Strategies and Teacher versus Peer Feedback on Reducing Lexical Errors of University Learners


This study examined the effects of language learning strategies (LLS) and coded corrective feedback on reducing four types of lexical errors made by two student groups, one receiving teacher corrective feedback (TCF) and the other peer corrective feedback (PCF). Participants (n=34) were divided into two groups; one group (n=17) received TCF and the second group (n=17) received PCF. Both groups were trained in applying LLS to revise, in response to their respective feedback, coded lexical errors they had made in three practice essays. The study used the Sequential Explanatory strategy of the Mixed Methods’ Design Strategies to compare the groups’ lexical error performance on immediate and delayed post-tests. Findings showed that participants in the PCF group significantly outperformed their TCF counterparts and reduced overall lexical errors at the delayed post-test (week 16). Also, the PCF group reduced ‘unnecessary’ and ‘redundant’ word errors at the delayed post-test, though not significantly. Analysis of students’ reflections, written after training, revealed that students depended on gut feeling and prior experience to revise their errors; they restructured sentences when they could not correct lexical errors and considered collocation errors difficult to correct. Pedagogical implications include adopting specific methods of vocabulary teaching and meaningful error feedback.


Nuwar Mawlawi Diab and Ghada M. Awada


coded errors, language learning strategies, lexical errors, peer corrective feedback, teacher corrective feedback